Dowsing is as old as the civilization itself. We have many ancient records of this parapsychic technique which have been recovered from various sources located in remote areas around the world.
If we look at the definition of it, dowsing involves the use of a pendulum or a rod (wooden or otherwise) to explore the hidden treasures of this world, or for searching the missing persons.
It is believed that the twig, rod or pendulum used to detect these secrets become an extension of the human nervous system and through intrinsic intuitive abilities, it is guided towards the location of the material we are yearning to find.
It has been the desire of mankind to explore what is lying underneath us and this is how major civilizations in the past used this technique as a means of finding reservoirs of gold, water, oil, and other important commodities.
With that, it is also worth mentioning that despite the refusal of science and technology of this method, there are widespread reports of its effectiveness in helping us search for the materials. Even renowned scientists have not refuted it. For example, according to Albert Einstein,
“I know very well that many scientists consider dowsing as a type of superstition. According to my conviction, this is, however, unjustified. The dowsing rod is a simple instrument which shows the reaction of the human nervous system to certain factors which are unknown to us at this time.” 
As we said, and as Albert Einstein has also stated it, the dowsing technique is connected to the intrinsic abilities of humankind and some are refusing it because they simply seem to have forgotten about the power that lies within them.
The origin of dowsing
Although the origin of dowsing is unidentified, what we have received as evidence ranging from the ancient wall paintings or murals in the Atlas Mountains to the wall carvings found in Egypt, we have known that this intuitive technique had been practiced from times immemorial.
The wall paintings we talked about were found in 1949 by a group of French explorers in search of a lost civilization in the Atlas Mountains. They were shocked to find that the Tassili Cave systems were dotted with several carvings and paintings that suggested or alluded to the technique of dowsing. There was always a person shown with a remarkable forked that was followed by the tribesmen. Near them were the gusty rays drawn that might indicate the presence of water.
The ancient Egyptians and Babylonians were also fond of dowsing and this, too, has been found out through several artifacts and wall crafts.
Apart from this, if we look at the evidence from the ancient Chinese empires, we find that the very emperor of China in around 2200 BCE was a renowned dowser. In fact, the peculiar Chinese art of feng shui is an evolved form of geomancy and rhabdomancy – two very old forms of dowsing.
Well, this history is all but before the birth of Christ. As the civilization evolved and religions took their new breaths, dowsing also found its way through them into the new strands of human kinds. So to speak, the use of dowsing to one’s own benefits have been documented in the Old Testament.
As evident from the ancient indications found, dowsing was working to its every bit. However, because of the insolence of the self-proclaimed scholar who added complexities to the techniques, dowsing started to enter the shrouds of the doubt. That is when the Middle Ages were in reign.
Contrasting to this, in the 15th and the 17th century, dowsing was a famed profession of the British and the French in their respective colonies and countries, although certain incidents were unprecedented.
The history of the pendulum
Dowsing requires the use of the pendulum or some kind of rod so that our intuition could be channeled in an effort to find the hidden treasures of mother earth. Therefore, the history of the pendulum is as old as the history of dowsing. In fact, it has been used for thousands of years by professional dowser in the ancient time. The Egyptians, Hebrews, Etruscans, Hindus, Druids, Red Indians, Persians, Romans, Greeks, Peruvians, Chinese, Arabs, and every documented civilization had used the divining rods or pendulums in some form to explore the possible reservoirs of different commodities.
The first recorded evidence of the use of dicing rods comes from Egypt, even before the time when the Hebrews fled. Queen Cleopatra who had reined for almost 50 years on Egypt even before the birth of Christ kept two dowsers with herself in her pursuit of gold, according to the records from the Plutarch’s Life of Marcus Antonius.
Apart from this, The Bible speaks of Moses and his use of cane or staff in the search for water. There are even artworks dedicated to this occurrence.
Moreover, if we steer towards Jerusalem where the Hebrews settled years after fleeing Egypt, we find that the Queen of Sheba had brought two dowsers with her to search the gold and water reservoirs along the way to King Solomon.
Dowsing seems to have dominated all of the ancient histories and the practice was appreciated by many. However, as we indicated above also, with time, especially in the Middle Ages, it was associated with the “works of the devil” and “black magic”. Because of this nuisance, in many parts of Europe, dowsers were called witches and some were even killed, for example, the Baron and Baroness de Beausoleil who were two famed dowsers and had a company of their own at that time.
While that might have been due to the scarce knowledge of the perpetrators when trying to define the technique or resorting to its effectiveness. As the science evolved so did the belief of many people in dowsing. For example, in the 17th century, a Jesuit mathematician, Gaspar Schott, for the first time in history associated dowsing with the muscular activity of the human beings.
Apart from this, other physicists such as Abbe Mermet, Alber Einstein, Dr. Albert Adams, Dr. Alexis Careel, Charles Richet and many others gave many reasons to the validity of dowsing and the effectiveness of the pendulum in aiding in this validity.
Until now, dowsing is still clad in the mysteries and looked at with suspicion; however, the times are not far away when it will be declared as a viable means of searching for numerous energy or gold reservoirs found inside the Earth, after all, it depends on the energy and time that is to be devoted to its success.